Re: [Cz-L] Commemoration 1902

From: Miriam Taylor <>
Date: Mon, 13 Oct 2014 11:24:51 -0400
To: Abraham Kogan <>
Reply-To: Miriam Taylor <>

Dear Anny, Dear Abraham,

It was not quite so simple.
As soon as the Bukovina became part of Romania,
the Romanians tried to expel as many Jews as they could,
by claiming that many of the Jews of Czernowitz had moved
to the city only recently. In order to be allowed to remain in the city
Jews had to prove that they had lived in Czernowitz in 1910.
I have a document confirming such residency for my mother's family.

Later, in the thirties, many professions and jobs were closed to Jews.
My father had the equivalent of a Masters degree in Mathematics.
This qualified him to be a high school teacher, but by 1932
teaching high school jobs were mostly closed to Jews.
In 1926 in Czernowitz, David Falik, was shot dead by the anti-Semitic
student leader Nicholas Totu.
In 1926 there was a blood libel in Bucharest.

Mostly the Jews of Czernowitz were blind to what was going on,
Anti-Semitism was a fact of life and they paid no more attention to it
than to the weather.

On Oct 11, 2014, at 10:07 AM, Abraham Kogan wrote:

> Dear Landsleute,
> The description of life in Czernowitz between the two wars fully and
> correctly reflects my own experience.
> Regards, Abraham K.
> -----Original Message-----
> From:
> [] On Behalf Of
> Anny Matar
> Sent: Saturday, October 11, 2014 2:24 PM
> To: Miriam Taylor
> Cc: Shelley; Fred Weisinger; Hardy Breier; Czernowitz Genealogy and
> History
> Subject: Re: [Cz-L] Commemoration 1902
> Did life really change in 1918/19 when Czenowitz, I know little
> about other
> places, became Rumanian? I don't think so. Shelly you're wrong Jews
> didn't
> change their names then, maybe they did after 1944 when the Russians
> returned, I don't know that.
> I think, the early post WWI, transition was not shattering. People
> were
> supposed to speak Rumanian everywhere, we as school children were
> certainly
> taught that, I know that identity papers and contracts made in
> German had
> to be translated into Rumanian, all official papers were Rumanian
> which few
> of the local population understood as German/Yidish remained the
> languages
> we spoke at home and our upbringing and culture was certainly
> Austrian. I
> suppose lending libraries had Rumanian books too but the books at
> home, the
> music/records were all German.
> The terrifying change came 1937/38 with Goga-Cuza
> take-over Nationalism/Nazism appeared but life went on. Jewish shops,
> businesses weren't closed until 1940 life went on normally. The
> change in
> all our lives started in June 1940 when the Russians occupied our
> city and
> our lives never were the same again.
> I might be wrong in the way I saw and wrote it but that was MY life
> and I'm
> not a historian either only a participant.
> anny
> On Sat, Oct 11, 2014 at 1:28 AM, Miriam Taylor
> <> wrote:
>> By comparison to Romania, Austria in 1918 was economically
>> better developed, had a reasonably good civil service,
>> good institutions of middle and higher learning,
>> good medical care and a law system which stipulated equality
>> of all the ethnic and religious groups.
>> While the Romanians were very happy to be given both the districts
>> of Bucovina and Transilvania, they were not at all pleased
>> to suddenly have acquired a large Jewish population and
>> discriminated against Jews with ever increasing intensity.
>> Mimi

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Received on 2014-10-13 08:33:43

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