: [Cz-L] Commemoration 1902

From: Hardy Breier <hardy3_at_bezeqint.net>
Date: Sat, 11 Oct 2014 15:14:31 -0700
To: "'Anny Matar'" <annymatar_at_gmail.com>, "'Miriam Taylor'" <mirtaylo_at_indiana.edu>
Reply-To: "Hardy Breier" <hardy3_at_bezeqint.net>

There were many fundamental changes:
  Many jobs required Rumanian citizenship.
For this you had to pass a Rumanian language exam.
Rumanian we didnt know ,so we had to bribe some City Hall man.
  Non Rumanian citizens couldnt own business so they had
to employ Rumanians stand- ins.
  Yiddish was not permitted on public places.
  Jew were forbidden to crowd-up.
   Jewish pupils were discriminated,
  Read Prof. Zwi Yavetz's book "My Czernowitz" .

: Anny Matar [mailto:annymatar_at_gmail.com]
: Saturday, October 11, 2014 4:24 AM
: Miriam Taylor
: Shelley; Fred Weisinger; Hardy Breier; Czernowitz Genealogy and
: Re: [Cz-L] Commemoration 1902

Did life really change in 1918/19 when Czenowitz, I know little about other
places, became Rumanian? I don't think so. Shelly you're wrong Jews didn't
change their names then, maybe they did after 1944 when the Russians
returned, I don't know that.
I think, the early post WWI, transition was not shattering. People were
supposed to speak Rumanian everywhere, we as school children were certainly
taught that, I know that identity papers and contracts made in German had to
be translated into Rumanian, all official papers were Rumanian which few of
the local population understood as German/Yidish remained the languages we
spoke at home and our upbringing and culturewas certainly Austrian. I
suppose lending libraries had Rumanian books too but the books at home, the
music/records were all German.
The terrifying change came 1937/38 with Goga-Cuza
take-over Nationalism/Nazism appeared but life went on. Jewish shops,
businesses weren't closed until 1940 life went on normally. The change in
all our lives started in June 1940 when the Russians occupied our city and
our lives never were the same again.
I might be wrong in the way I saw and wrote it but that was MY life and I'm
not a historian either only a participant.

On Sat, Oct 11, 2014 at 1:28 AM, Miriam Taylor <mirtaylo_at_indiana.edu> wrote:
By comparison to Romania, Austria in 1918 was economically
better developed, had a reasonably good civil service,
good institutions of middle and higher learning,
good medical care and a law system which stipulated equality
of all the ethnic and religious groups.

While the Romanians were very happy to be given both the districts
of Bucovina and Transilvania, they were not at all pleased
to suddenly have acquired a large Jewish population and
discriminated against Jews with ever increasing intensity.


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Received on 2014-10-11 08:31:39

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